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Author Guidelines

Types of Manuscripts

Original Articles

Original Articles are reports on findings from original unpublished research. Preference for publications will be given to high-quality original research that make significant contributions to medicine. The articles should not exceed 6000 words, with tables/illustrations up to five (5) and references up to 50. Manuscripts describing original research should conform to the IMRAD format; more details are given below.

Review Articles

Review Articles are solicited articles or systematic reviews. JAPA solicits review articles from Malaysian experts to provide a clear, up-to-date account of topics relevant to medical practice in Malaysia or related to their area of expertise. Unsolicited reviews will also be considered; however, authors are encouraged to submit systematic reviews rather than narrative reviews. Systematic reviews are papers that present exhaustive, critical assessments of the published literature on relevant topics in medicine. Systematic reviews should be prepared in strict compliance with MOOSE or PRISMA guidelines, or other relevant guidelines for systematic reviews.

Case Reports

Papers on case reports (one to five cases) must follow these rules: Case reports should not exceed 1,000 words, with a maximum of one (1) table, two (2) photographs, and up to 20 references. It shall consist of an Abstract and the Main Text. The Abstract should be limited to 100 words. Having a unique lesson in the diagnosis, pathology, or management of the case is more valuable than merely finding a rare entity. Being able to report the outcome and length of survival of a rare problem is more valuable than merely describing the treatment rendered at the time of diagnosis.



Commentaries will usually be invited articles that comment on articles published in the same issue of JAPA. However, unsolicited commentaries on issues relevant to medicine in Malaysia are welcomed. They should not exceed 1,200 words. They may be unstructured but should be concise. When presenting a point of view, it should be supported with relevant references where necessary.


Letters to Editors

Letters to Editors are responses to items published in JAPA or communication of a very important message that is time-sensitive and cannot wait for the full process of peer review. Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include only up to five (5) references. Letters that are personal attacks on an author will not be considered for publication. Such correspondence must not exceed 450 words.

Expert Opinion

Expert opinion articles provide insights and interpretations from recognized authorities in a particular field. These articles offer valuable perspectives on current issues and contribute to the scholarly discourse within our journal.

Title page

Must be submitted together with the manuscript file.


Type of manuscript: Case Report

Title: Hypersensitivity Reaction to Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Filler to Malaysian Patient

Hannah-Wormand Michael John

McLendon Orthod, Aesthetic HUB, One Park West, United Kingdom.



Karina May Khild

Arena Clinic, Sunway Park, Shah Alam Seksyen 3, Selangor



Muhamad Farhan Abdul Rashid

Medical Institute of Malaysia, Jalan Hang Tuah, Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur



*Corresponding Author

Name: Hannah-Wormand Michael John

Address: McLendon Orthod, Aesthetic HUB, One Park West, United Kingdom


Tel: 601199983337



Structure of Manuscripts

1. Abstract

The Abstract should be no more than 350 words and one paragraph only. Avoid quotations and citing references in your abstract. The font size for the abstract is 11 pt. Minimum 4 keywords should be included in the abstract. 


2. Introduction

Effectively outline the study's objective and its connection to previous research within the field and also the importance of the study. A concise overview of the study's relevance through a brief background may be required for reader understanding. However, refrain from delving into an exhaustive literature review.

3. Materials and Methods

Provide detailed descriptions of the study participants or research materials, including explicit explanations of the inclusion and exclusion criteria for both the experimental and control groups. Clearly outline the experimental methods and materials used for reproducibility by other researchers. This includes experimental devices or other products; state the brand name followed by the manufacturer's name in parentheses. Additionally, provide comprehensive details regarding statistical analysis and criteria for determining significance, enabling knowledgeable readers with access to the original data to verify the reported results.


4. Results

Concisely summarize and describe the significant findings and observed trends in the results using a combination of text, figures, and tables. Minimize redundant repetition of information presented in the tables and figures within the text.

5. Discussion

Analyze the results in relation to the study's objectives, highlighting differences from previous studies and emphasizing significant findings that contribute to drawing conclusions. Avoid irrelevant literature and focus on newly acquired insights from the study and address significant limitations encountered.

6. Acknowledgments

Any acknowledgements authors wish to make should be included in a separate headed section at the end of the manuscript but before the list of references.

7. Funding

All funding received for the research and the work should be clearly stated.

8. Conflict of Interest

Potential conflicts of interest should be declared.

9. References

The Journal of Asia Pacific Aesthetic Sciences follows the Vancouver numbered referencing style. Citations to someone else’s work in the text should be indicated by the use of a number. When citing more than one article in the same sentence, you will need to include the citation number for each article. References in the text, tables, and legends should be numbered in parentheses (e.g., [1], [1,4], [1,3-5]) and cited consecutively in the order of appearance in the manuscript. A hyphen should be used to link numbers that are inclusive, and a comma should be used where numbers are not consecutive.

A reference list should appear at the end of the paper under the heading "References." All references should be arranged in numerical order. References in tables, figures, and panels should be in numerical order according to where the item is cited in the text. Journal names should be written in full. When there are six or fewer authors, all should be listed; when there are seven or more, list only the first six and add et al.

References Format

References format should follow Vancouver style.

[Journal Article] 
Author A. Article title. Journal Title. Publication Year; Volume (Issue): Page numbers.

Nevin A. The changing of teacher education special education. Teacher Education and Special Education. 1990 Jul;13(3-4):147-8.

Abdullah M, Chai PS, Chong MY, Tohit ERM, Ramasamy R, Pei CP, et al. Gender effect on in vitro lymphocyte subset levels of healthy individuals. Cellular Immunology. 2012;272(2):214-9.

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Worldwide trends in hypertension prevalence and progress in treatment and control from 1990 to 2019: a pooled analysis of 1201 population-representative studies with 104 million participants. Lancet. 2021;11(2): 957-80.

Author A. Title of book. Edition (if not the first). Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Coyer M. Literature and Medicine in the Nineteenth-Century Periodical Press: Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, 1817–1858. Edinburgh University Press; 2017.

Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL, et al. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. New York: McGraw Hill; 2008. 

Rowlands TE, Haine LS. Acute limb ischaemia. In: Donnelly R, London NJM, editors. ABC of arterial and venous disease. 2nd ed. West Sussex (GB): Blackwell Publishing; 2009. p. 123-140.

World Health Organization. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report 85, April 14, 2020. [cited April 2020] Accessed from: 20200414-sitrep-85-covid-19.

[Magazine and Newspaper]
Author A. Title. Magazine/ Newspaper Title. Year; month of Publication: Issue: Page Number.

Rampal L. World No Tobacco Day 2021 -Tobacco Control in Malaysia. Berita MMA. 2021; May: 21-22.

Rosenberg G. Electronic discovery proves an effective legal weapon. The New York Times. 1997; March 31: 1-2

Magazine (print or online)
Bullow C. The school magazine: A quality digital resource. Scan: The Journal for Educators. 2021 Nov 1;40(10):19-21.

Tumulty, K. Should they stay or should they go?. Time. 2006; April: 167(15). Available from: http://,9171,1179361,00.html

Include other supplementary details here


Text format

The manuscript must be written in English with a font size of 11 pt Times New Roman. The text should be justified. The full paper, including figures, tables, and references, must have a minimum length of 6 pages and cannot exceed 15 pages.



When writing the paper, please remember to use UK spelling, i.e., spellings such as 'colour' not 'color,' 'behaviour' (or 'behavioural') not 'behavior,' '[school] programme' not 'program,' '[he] practises' not 'practices,' 'centre' not 'center,' 'organization' not 'organisation,' 'analyse' not 'analyze,' etc.



All acronyms should be spelled out the first time they are introduced in text or references. Thereafter, the acronym can be used if appropriate. For example, 'The work for the Ministry of Health (MOH)...'. Subsequently, 'The MOH studies on...'.

Equations, tables and figures

Equations must be written preferably with the same word processor used for the rest of the text, without handwritten symbols, to aid legibility. Equations must be numbered sequentially, with their numbers in parentheses and right-justified. All tables and figures must be referred to in the text as follows: 'Figure 1,' 'Table 1,' i.e., 'As seen in Table [or Figure] 1 ...' (not 'tab.,' 'fig.,' or 'Fig.'). All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the paper (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2). Please ensure that tables do not split over the page


Titles of tables and figures

Each table and/or figure must have a title that explains its purpose without reference to the text. Do not type the caption for a figure on the figure itself; instead, legends for any illustrations must be typed separately following the main text.

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