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Editorial Policies & Ethical Requirements



Our journal adopts the authorship criteria as stated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, in which only those with substantial contributions in the research and in manuscript preparation are considered authors. Authors are required to sign the Authorship Agreement Form when submitting a manuscript to JAPA. In addition, authors are required to identify their contributions to the work described in the manuscript. If requested to see the original data, authors must provide the data and must cooperate in obtaining and providing the data on which the manuscript is based.


Conflicts of interest and financial disclosure


A conflict of interest may arise when an author (or the author’s institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships that could influence the author’s decisions, work, or manuscript. All authors are required to disclose all potential conflicts of interest, including specific financial interests and relationships and affiliations (other than those affiliations listed in the title page of the manuscript) relevant to the subject of their manuscript. Please refer to the Authorship Agreement Form for more information.

Authors are expected to provide detailed information about all relevant financial interests and relationships or financial conflicts within the past 5 years and for the foreseeable future, particularly those present at the time the research was conducted and through publication, as well as other financial interests (such as patent applications in preparation), that represent potential future financial gain. Authors may do so in the cover letter submitted  with the manuscripts.


Funding/support and role of sponsor

All financial and material support for the research and the work should be clearly and completely identified in an Acknowledgment section of the manuscript. The specific role of the funding organization or sponsor in each of the following should be specified: design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.

Copyright transfer

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to transfer copyright by signing the Copyright Transfer Form. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the Author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.

Ethical Requirements

In experiments on human subjects, authors should mention whether the methods were in agreement with the ethical standards of the responsible committee (institutional and national) and the Declaration of Helsinki (October 2008 revision). Similarly, the use of animals in research must conform to the institutional and national guidelines.

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